Comparative study of policies on technology and industry in the Caribbean and their effects on development

cepal.bibLevelDocumento Completo
cepal.callNumberLC/CAR/G.752
cepal.docTypeDocumentos de proyectos e investigación
cepal.idSade14583
cepal.physicalDescriptiontablas
cepal.regionalOfficePuerto España
cepal.topicEngVALUE CHAINS
cepal.topicEngINDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
cepal.topicSpaCADENAS DE VALOR
cepal.topicSpaDESARROLLO INDUSTRIAL
cepal.workareaEngINTERNATIONAL TRADE AND INTEGRATION
cepal.workareaSpaCOMERCIO INTERNACIONAL E INTEGRACIÓN
dc.contributor.entityNU. CEPAL. Sede Subregional para el Caribe
dc.coverage.spatialEngCARIBBEAN REGION
dc.coverage.spatialSpaCARIBE
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-02T23:14:30Z
dc.date.available2014-01-02T23:14:30Z
dc.date.issued2003-09-29
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliography
dc.description.abstractExecutive Summary One of the major challenges facing developing countries is to attain high levels of competitiveness in all areas in order to effect the necessary transformation of their production structures. Technological development and innovation are identified as key factors in the attempt to meet this challenge. In many ways technology, in the broadest sense, has become a sine qua non for attaining and maintaining competitiveness, which is itself considered one of the imperatives of successful industrial development. Similarly, in the Caribbean, science and technology are identified as core components of the development process. While technological development and its link to competitiveness has long been recognised, countries of the Caribbean, like most developing countries, depend on technology transfer more than technological development for their needs. The often-cited reason is that a particular problem of developing countries is the lack of finance needed for endogenous research for technological development. There exist, therefore, a number of programmes promoting technology transfer from developing countries. While some countries have been able to take advantage of these transfers and benefit from them, the overall record of technology transfer to developing countries has not been promising. The results suggest that there is no real substitute for indigenous technology generation to augment imported technologies. In addition, technology and technological innovation are generally preceded by the development of a scientific orientation within society. Together these form the basis of the traditional science and technology system that has contributed to the success of the industrialisation effort in many countries. An analysis of science and technology policies in the subregion do not seem to deviate much from the long-established model of externally-propelled development. Whether in finance or know-how, the emphasis continues to be on how to lure resources into the subregion, with minimal indigenous investment. Hence the policies have focussed on incentives to foreign investors rather than on research and development and indigenous capacity building. In so doing policies have ignored, to a large extent, the agricultural base of the economy and the institutions and investments needed to transform that base from raw materials to value-added products. There is therefore an urgent need for programmes that would develop simple and accessible rule-of-thumb approaches for policy formulation and implementation which would facilitate development and establishment of robust and effective policies.
dc.formatTexto
dc.format.extent21 páginas.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.unSymbolLC/CAR/G.752
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/11362/27535
dc.language.isoeng
dc.physicalDescription21 p. : tabls.
dc.publisherECLAC
dc.publisher.placePort-of-Spain
dc.rights.coarDisponible
dc.subject.unbisEngCOMPETITION
dc.subject.unbisEngECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject.unbisEngINDUSTRIAL POLICY
dc.subject.unbisEngPRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject.unbisEngPUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject.unbisEngSCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY
dc.subject.unbisEngVALUE CHAINS
dc.subject.unbisSpaCOMPETENCIA
dc.subject.unbisSpaDESARROLLO ECONOMICO
dc.subject.unbisSpaPOLITICA DE CIENCIA Y TECNOLOGIA
dc.subject.unbisSpaPOLITICA INDUSTRIAL
dc.subject.unbisSpaSECTOR PRIVADO
dc.subject.unbisSpaSECTOR PUBLICO
dc.subject.unbisSpaCADENAS DE VALOR
dc.titleComparative study of policies on technology and industry in the Caribbean and their effects on development
dc.type.coarlibro
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