Now showing items 1-10 of 51
Innovation and productivity in services and manufacturing firms: the case of Peru
This article analyses the relationship between investment decisions, investment intensity, innovation outcomes and labour productivity for a sample of services and manufacturing firms from Peru in 2004, on the basis of an adjusted CDM model (Crepon, Duguet and Mairesse, 1998). The estimates of the model indicate that firm size was a key factor in the ...
Agricultural productivity: closing the gap between Brazil and the United States
Since the 1970s, Brazilian agriculture has undergone far-reaching changes and has played a major role in agricultural production worldwide. This article assesses the structural heterogeneity prevailing in Brazilian and United States agriculture by studying total factor productivity (TFP), which has increased in both economies, mainly through technologies ...
The impact on wages, employment and exports of backward linkages between multinational companies and SMEs
Policymakers often look for ways to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) by multinational corporations (MNCs). This paper estimates the impact of a programme, Costa Rica Provee, that seeks to increase backward linkages between small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and MNCs in Costa Rica. The impacts were measured by reference to real average ...
CEPAL Review no. 101
Does public financial support stimulate innovation and productivity? An impact evaluation
This paper contributes to the empirical literature that evaluates the effects of public financial support to innovation on innovation expenditures, innovation itself and productivity in developing countries. Propensity score matching techniques and data from Innovation Surveys are used to analyse the impacts of public financial support to innovation ...
Patterns of technical progress in the Brazilian economy, 1952-2008
This article analyses the pattern of technical change in the Brazilian economy between 1952 and 2008. A Marx-biased pattern of labour-saving and capital-using change predominated in the period under study. Three phases in the dynamism of technical change can be distinguished, however. The first, from 1952 to 1973, was highly dynamic. In the second, ...
CEPAL Review no. 129
Competitiveness and its determinants: a systemic analysis for developing countries / Victor Medeiros, Lucas Gonçalves Godoi and Evandro Camargos Teixeira .-- The gross domestic product (GDP) shares of the agriculture sector and the hydrocarbon and mining sector in the countries of South America between 1960 and 2014 / Pedro Henrique de Abreu Paiva ...
CEPAL Review no.121
The determinants of foreign direct investment in Brazil: empirical analysis for 2001-2013
This article aims to analyse the determinants of foreign direct investment (FDI) into Brazil between 2001 and 2013. It uses a vector error correction (VEC) model to analyse both the long-term function and the impulse-response function. The results show that levels of economic activity, wages and productivity are positively related to FDI inflows, ...
Competitiveness and its determinants: a systemic analysis for developing countries
This paper seeks to make a comparative and econometric analysis of competitiveness in developing countries, identifying its determinants and sources of variation. It uses the data envelopment analysis methodology to generate measures of competitiveness. The determinants of competitiveness are obtained through a Tobit model based on the systemic ...